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Deciding between comprehensive or third-party car insurance? Here is a complete guide on the 3 main types of car insurance coverage & how they will protect you.

Category: Car Ownership Advice


There are three types of car insurance plans in Singapore and here's all you need to know about them - consider this a crash course, beginners!

The three types of car insurance plans are:
  1. Thid-Party only (TPO) 
  2. Thid-Party, Fire and theft (TPFT)
  3. Comprehensive
We'll break down each car insurance plan so you'll know what's the best plan for you and how they may best suit your needs.
 
 
Third Party only (TPO) plan

TPO offers drivers the most basic car insurance coverage. It's a liabilities coverage which only protects affected third-parties - like an injured pedestrian or the damaged guard rails - that's been proven to be your fault.

It protects external "third-parties", but not you and your car. You won't receive a pay out from your insurer under TPO.

Should you get TPO car insurance?

TPO car insurance coverage type is the bare minimum required in Singapore. TPO car insurance would be ideal if: 
  • You're willing to take high financial risks and pay for your own damages
  • You barely use your car (to the extent it's rarely on the roads)
  • Losing your car in an accident won't drastically affect your way of life
  • You only need basic protection for liability against any third-parties' bodily injuries or property damage
  • Your vehicle is an overused, second hand car that you're planning to get rid of soon that does not need extra coverage from TPFT and Comprehensive car insurance plans
 
 
Third party, fire and theft (TPFT) plan

On top of covering liabilities, TPFT car insurance also covers any loss or damage caused by fire or theft. Other causes that have indirectly resulted in loss or damage (like bird shit corroding your paintwork), to your insured vehicle, will not be covered. 

Make sure to lock your car doors and store your expensive belongings away to prevent theft

Should you get TPFT car insurance?

Since it covers more than TPO, it'll be more expensive. You should get TPFT if you're willing to pay more and:
  • You want to avoid paying out-of-pocket expenses for the losing the whole car
  • You're still willing to take some financial risk by paying for minor accidents
  • You're driving into countries with high crime rates of fire, arson and theft (not going to mention names), but you know, I know can already.
  • Your vehicle is old, does not require a comprehensive car insurance but still needs more than just liabilities coverage
 
 
Comprehensive plan

Comprehensive car insurance includes the benefits of TPO, TPFT and accidental damage to the car - even those by natural disasters or self-imposed.

Besides offering personal accident benefits, it also covers other medical expenses for the passengers on-board.

Should you get comprehensive car insurance?

If you're taking a bank loan for your car, comprehensive car insurance is a must because it acts as collateral for banks. That aside, getting comprehensive car insurance is a good idea if:
  • You want to minimize your financial risks because you only need to pay a partial sum for the damages (before your insurers handles the rest)
  • Your car, being used to commute for work, is always on the roads and would require a replacement in the event that it is sent for repair
  • You're not the most experienced (and safest) driver
  • Your car is brand new, has high-value and/or is a luxury car that will costs a lot to repair
 
 
Should you get a TPO, TPFT or Comprehensive car insurance plan?

While all the infomation might be overwhelming, in summary, the breakdown of the plans are as follows:
  • TPO only covers your third-party liabilities
  • TPFT covers your third-party liabilities and the loss your car in fire or theft
  • Comprehensive covers you, your vehicle, your passengers and your liabilities in minor and grave accidents

Deciding on which plan boils down to - "how much of a risk-taker are you?"
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Other considerations

Now that you know all about car insurance coverage and its various claims types, you can get a quote for your desired insurance plan. This helps you determine which plans are more value-for-money. 

The best way to get "cheapest" car insurance is to get multiple quotes from different car insurance companies

To receive a quoted price, you'll first need to provide your personal details. Every personal detail is weighed differently and can cause your quoted price to skyrocket out of limit - after all, they are factors that affect your insurance premium.

Even if your quoted price is a pricey one, don't fret. You can still lower your car insurance premiums and purchase the best plan for yourself. 

When it comes to saving big, drivers use No Claim Discount (NCD) to get up to 50% discount off their car insurance premium. Here's all you need to know about NCD for car insurance.
 
 
Compare between different car insurance quotes in Singapore

There are many insurers in Singapore like Aviva, AIG, AXA and many more. Remember to do a comparison of the various insurance plans to find a comprehensive plan that fits well within your budget.

Finding the perfect insurance plan for your car can be a tedious process

If comparing different car insurance quotes is too troublesome, save yourself all that trouble and use our service below to receive a commitment-free car insurance quote. We compare car insurance quotes from 12 different insurers in Singapore, so you don't have to!
 
 
Here are some car insurance articles that you might be interested in

Are you getting ripped off on car insurance?

Don’t get caught without proper car insurance coverage!

What factors affect your car insurance quotes? 

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  • Auto comparison for your future renewal quotes
  • We provide claims support for your accident claims

*This article was updated by Alexandra Cheung on 17th August 2020.

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