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Here's a guide that helps you understand how the taxation for new cars work, as well as the calculations of the de-registration value.

Category: Car Buying Advice


New cars registered in Singapore will be subjected to Government taxes, which comprise of Registration Fee (RF) and Additional Registration Fee (ARF).

Tax Structure for new cars

Date COE is obtained: May 2002 - February 2004 March 2004 - February 2008  March 2008 - February 2013 2013 onwards
Registration Fee (RF) $220 $220 $220 $220
Additional Registration Fee (ARF) 130% of OMV 110% of OMV 100% of OMV Tiered Rate
 
Cars, which are registered with Certificates of Entitlement (COEs) obtained from March 2013 onwards will be subjected to a tiered ARF system. An example based on a car with an Open Market Value (OMV) of $75,000 is illustrated in the following:

Vehicle OMV ($75,000) ARF Rate ARF Payable
First $20,000 100% 100% x $20,000= $20,000
Next $30,000 140% 140% x $30,000= $42,000
Above $50,000 180% 180% x $25,000= $45,000
 
The total ARF payable in this case is ($20,000 + $42,000 + $45,000) = $107,000

Relation between ARF & OMV

OMV is assessed by the Singapore Customs and, in general, is the actual price of the vehicle before all taxes and surcharges like COE, GST, registration fee, ARF and dealer's profits are imposed.

Vehicular Emissions Scheme (VES)

In addition, the National Environment Agency (NEA) will introduce the Vehicular Emissions Scheme (VES) to replace the Carbon Emissions-Based Vehicle Scheme (CEVS) for all new cars, taxis and newly imported used cars with effect from 1st January 2018.

Co2 (g/km)   HC (g/km)   CO (g/km)   NOx (g/km)   PM (mg/km)   Rebate/surcharge cars ($) Rebate/surcharge taxis ($)
A1         A1 ≤ 90 A1 ≤ 0.020 A1 ≤  0.150 A1 ≤  0.007 A1 = 0.0 -20,000 -30,000
A2 90 < A2 ≤ 125 0.020 < A2 ≤ 0.036 0.150 < A2 ≤ 0.190 0.007 < A2 ≤ 0.013 0.0 < A2 ≤ 0.3 -10,000 -15,000
B 125 < B ≤ 160 0.036 < B ≤  0.052 0.190 < B ≤ 0.270 0.013 < B ≤  0.024 0.3 < B ≤ 0.5 0 0
C1 160 < C1 ≤ 186 0.052 < C1 ≤ 0.075 0.270 < C1 ≤ 0.350 0.024 < C1 ≤ 0.030 0.3 < C1 ≤ 2.0 +10,000 +15,000
C2 C2 > 185 C2 > 0.075 C2 > 0.350 C2 > 0.030 C2 > 2.0 +20,000 +30,000
 
Deregistration value

[COE rebate + PARF rebate] = Deregistration value

The deregistration value simply refers to the returns you are entitled to from the Land Transport Authority (LTA) when you de-register your vehicle. The value is calculated based on the COE and PARF rebate value of your car.

*Note that COE cars (10 years and older) DO NOT have any PARF rebate, therefore the de-registration value for COE cars are based on the Prevailing Quota Premium paid.

COE rebate

If a vehicle is deregistered before the end of the 10-year COE cycle, the registered owner can be granted a rebate based on the number of months and days remaining on his vehicle's COE.

COE Rebate = (Quota Premium Paid x Number of months left)/120 months

For example if your COE costs $38,000 and expires on 5th June 2020 but was deregistered on 2nd January 2018.

Unused period of the COE:

From 3rd January 2018 to 5th June 2020 = 2 years, 5 months and 3 days
= 29.1 months

Therefore, COE Rebate = ($38,000 x 29.1) / 120 = $9,215

PARF rebate

Calculating the PARF rebate of your car is relatively simple as there are only two contributing factors - age of vehicle and ARF value.

Age of vehicle at deregistration PARF rebate (COE May 2002 onwards)
Not exceeding 5 years 75% of ARF paid
Above 5 years but not exceeding 6 years 70% of ARF paid
Above 6 years but not exceeding 7 years 65% of ARF paid
Above 7 years but not exceeding 8 years 60% of ARF paid
Above 8 years but not exceeding 9 years 55% of ARF paid
Above 9 years but not exceeding 10 years 50% of ARF paid
Above 10 years NA
 
As you can refer from the table above, the PARF rebate is a certain percentage of your ARF value - which is based on the OMV of your vehicle. To fully calculate your PARF rebate, you need to know how ARF value is calculated, which is explained below.
  • For cars with an OMV value of up to $20,000, the ARF value is at 100 percent of OMV value.

    ARF = OMV

  • For cars with an OMV value between $20,001 to $50,000 the ARF rate will be 140 percent of incremental OMV.

    [(OMV - $20,000) x 140%] + $20,000 = ARF

    For example if the OMV of a vehicle is $30,000, the ARF is valued at $34,000

  • For cars with an OMV above $50,000, the ARF value is 180 percent of incremental OMV.

    [(OMV - $50,000) x 180%] + $62,000 = ARF

    For example, if the OMV of a vehicle is $75,000, the ARF is valued at $107,000.


*This article was updated on 30 September 2019.
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