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COE renewal is not just a one-time payment. Besides your PQP, there are many other factors to consider.
Category: Car Buying Advice
With more opting to keep their cars beyond the initial 10 years, you might be tempted to renew the COE of your current car yourself.
Here's a quick rundown of the costs associated so you know just what you will be facing should you opt to do so as well!
Prevailing Quota Premium
The first and largest item you'll be forking out for when renewing your COE is the Prevailing Quota Premium (PQP).
Unlike when buying a new car, you won’t have to bid for a new COE. Instead, the PQP is computed from the moving average of the previous three months of COE prices from the month you intend to renew your car’s COE.
While this might remove some of the fun of trying to submitting a bid yourself and speculating on upcoming prices, it also means that those renewing the COEs on their cars are granted more predictability of the current prices when renewing their COEs.
With COE prices currently trending upwards (as of August 2020) our advice for those with cars already approaching a decade old and thinking of renewing their cars would do well to bookmark our page here and start keeping track of the PQP prices.
This way you can strike whenever the PQP price reaches a level that is acceptable to your budgeting needs. And for those looking to get their PQP at the absolute lowest prices, stay away from the months where LTA makes new restrictions to the car population, as they tend to result in higher COE premiums for the following bidding session.
Forfeited PARF rebate and outstanding COE rebate
The PQP prices may look like a harsh price to pay just to keep a car you already own. But if your car has not approached the full 10 years of age, you'll also need to bear in mind that there are some 'loses' you will additionally incur after you renew the COE for your car.
If you do decide to renew your car's COE before its first 10 years are consumed and then subsequently keep the car beyond 10-years old, those additional loses will come in the form of the forfeited Preferential Additional Registration Fee (PARF), which is paid out when a car younger than 10-years old is deregistered.
This rebate is forfeited when you opt to renew the COE on your car as it is awarded by the LTA in order to incentivise car owners to keep Singapore's fleet of cars young as part of our policy to ease congestion. (In the LTA's eyes a relatively young and roadworthy fleet is essential for maintaining smooth flowing traffic). So if you opt to keep your car beyond the initial 10 years, and contribute to Singapore's ageing car population, these incentives are naturally forfeited.
You can calculate just how much in rebates you will eventually be losing out by following the guide below.
The PARF rebate is calculated as a percentage of the Additional Registration Fee (ARF) paid when you purchased the car:
|Age at deregistration||PARF rebate|
|Not more than 5 years||75% of ARF paid|
|Above 5 but not more than 6 years||70% of ARF paid|
|Above 6 but not more than 7 years||65% of ARF paid|
|Above 7 but not more than 8 years||60% of ARF paid|
|Above 8 but not more than 9 years||55% of ARF paid|
|Above 9 but not more than 10 years||50% of ARF paid|
|More than 10 years||Nil|
Something else worth considering is that when you deregister a car younger than 10-years old, you will also be eligible for a COE rebate, which is calculated based on the Quota Premium (QP) or the Prevailing Quota Premium (PQP) paid for the car, and is pro-rated according to the time remaining on your vehicle's COE.
We replicate the example from OneMotoring here. Supposing you have a vehicle with the details as follows:
|QP or PQP of 10-year COE paid||$16,897|
|Deregistration date||2 January 2013|
|COE expiry date||5 June 2015|
And you opt to deregister this vehicle, the unused period of COE is calculated as follows:
|From 3 January 2013 to 2 June 2015 (counting in full calendar months)||29 months|
|From 3 June 2015 to 5 June 2015 (counting 30 days as one full month in June)||3 days or 0.1 month|
|Total unused period of COE||29.1 months|
And the subsequent COE rebate will be calculated as follows:
COE rebate = QP or PQP of 10-year COE paid x Total unused period of COE /120 months
In this case that would mean (16,897 x 29.1 months) / 120 months = $4,097
Of course, the flipside of not getting that COE rebate is that you keep your car for the full 10 years you initially paid the COE for. So it isn't necessarily a loss per se, but it is still worth considering if you're undecided between renewing the COE for your current car or purchasing another second-hand vehicle, since you could have more cash to plough into your next purchase than you think.
Our advice? If you think COE prices are going to rise and never come back down, and if you got your current car with COE on the cheap, it might be well worth to forfeit the lower COE rebate you can enjoy now to shield yourself from higher future PQP prices.
Obviously, if you think the inverse is true: That current COE prices are not sustainable and if your car was purchased at record-high COE prices, then it will be well worth your time to wait and see, and only to renew your car's COE when you are dead sure that the current PQP prices have reached rock bottom.