Guide to purchasing COE and COE renewal on your own
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What are the essential facts you need to know should you choose to purchase COE or COE renewal on your own? A step-by-step guide.

Category: Car Buying Advice

For most drivers, bidding for a Certificate of Entitlement (COE) can be one of the most stressful processes ever. This guide will walk you through the process of submitting, enquiring, and revising your COE bids, as well as the renewal of your COE.
5 things to know before bidding for COE

Be sure to note down and prepare the necessary information before the bidding exercises start
The purpose of the COE system is to control the growth of Singapore's vehicle population by limiting the number of COEs available annually. With a valid COE, you can drive your car on the roads for 10 years before deciding to deregister it or continue with a COE renewal.

1.  There are two bidding exercises a month

The Land Transport Authority (LTA) holds two Open Bidding exercises a month on its website. Before any exercise, the bidding period, and the number of COEs available for each category will be announced online as well.

The bidding starts on the 1st and 3rd Monday of the month (12pm) and ends on Wednesday (4pm) of the same week, given that there is no public holiday in between.

2.  Not all banks participate in the COE bidding process

Currently, drivers can bid for their COEs at an ATM with any of these three partner banks: DBS, POSB and Maybank. Ensure that you have an account with any of these three banks and that there are sufficient funds for the bid deposit and administration fees.

3.  Companies can bid for COEs too

Non-individual bidders include drivers who place COE bids under the name of an organisation, company, business, club or association. To place a bid, non-individual bidders can do so through Internet banking with any of these three banks: DBS, UOB and Maybank. It is important to note that any COEs awarded to non-individuals are non-transferrable, no matter the category that it belongs to.

4.  There is a limit to the number of bids you can place in one exercise

For individual bidders, only one bid is allowed in each exercise, whereas non-individual bidders are permitted to place more than one bid in each exercise.

5.  Know which category you are bidding for

Under the Vehicle Quota System (VQS), there are five COE categories for all vehicles in Singapore.

Category Classification
Category A Cars up to 1,600cc & 97kW (130bhp)
Category B Cars above 1,600cc or 97kW (130bhp)
Category C Goods vehicle and bus
Category D Motorcycle
Category E Open (all categories except motorcycle)

COEs awarded in Categories C, and E are transferable if you bid for them as an individual, while COEs in Categories A, B and D are non-transferable at all.
How to bid for COE

Drivers purchasing COE for themselves can only submit bids through DBS/POSB ATMs
Submitting bids
  • Prepare the necessary information
To submit a COE bid, you must ensure that you have sufficient funds for the fixed sum deposit in your bank account along with a valid ID or ACRA number/Unique Entity Number (UEN).

The administration fees range from $2 to $10, depending on the respective banks.

Category Bid deposit
A, B, C, E $10,000
D $200
  • Indicate reserve price
You should indicate the reserve price during the bid submission, also known as the maximum amount, you are willing to pay for the COE. The minimum reserve price is S$1, and any subsequent increase in bids must be in multiples of S$1.

If the current COE price exceeds your reserve price, you must revise your bid or else you will not be in the running for a COE.
  • Receive acknowledgement code
Once your bid is successful, the bank will deduct the deposit and administration fee from your bank account.

Every time you adjust or submit a COE bid, you will receive a 6-digit acknowledgement code, which you will use to enquire about your current bid or make a revision.
Enquiring about your bid

For more information on the COE process, drivers can check LTA's One Motoring website
Throughout the bidding process, you can check on your bid status through two different methods.

Individuals can check through LTA's Open Bidding website. You will need to enter your bank account ID and the latest acknowledgement code.

There will be two vital pieces of information you need to note - the current bid price and your bid status.

'Out-bid' means your current bid is no longer in the running.

'Accepted' means that you are still in the running for the COE.

Non-individuals can check through the LTA Open Bidding website or on the Internet banking platform of their corresponding bank. Enquiries made through Internet banking can only be made by directly contacting the bank.
Revising your bid

Revisions are to be done through ATMs for individual bidders and Internet banking for non-individual bidders
If you decide to revise your bid, you can do so anytime during the bidding period. Revisions of bids must be in multiples of S$1 and can only be revised upwards. Bid revisions and bid submissions go through the same facilities.

For every successful revision, the bank will impose an administrative fee. If you revised your bid through the LTA's Open Bidding Website, you would make payment for the administration fee during vehicle registration or COE transfer, whichever is earlier.

While there is no limit on the number of revisions, drivers are highly encouraged to submit the maximum amount they are willing to pay for the COE to avoid frequent revisions.

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Bidding results

You will only know if your bid is successful when the results are announced on LTA's One Motoring website
If your bid is successful:

You will receive a Temporary COE (TCOE), which is valid for either three months (Categories C and E) or six months (Categories A, B and D).

Drivers must register their vehicles before the expiration of the TCOE, or else their full bid deposit will be forfeited.

Categories C and E TCOEs can be transferred once, and both owners must log in through their Singpass to start and accept the TCOE transfer.

If your bid is unsuccessful:

The deposit will be automatically refunded to your bank account one working day after the announced bidding results. You can then try bidding on the following tender exercise.
COE Renewal

You can choose to either renew your COE again for five or 10 years upon expiration
For COE renewal, the vehicle owner does not need to bid for a new COE. Instead, he will have to pay the Prevailing Quota Premium (PQP). The PQP amount is based on the moving average of the last three months of premium results. If there were months in which there were no bidding exercise, those months would be excluded from the calculation.

For any COE that you renew before its due date, the remaining period of the current COE will be forfeited, and no rebates will be entitled to the owner.

The PQP is payable by cheque, cashier's order or online if the COE of the vehicle has not expired. For online payments, drivers can do so with eNETS Debit on their Internet Banking accounts with the following banks:

Bank Default daily payment limit Maximum daily payment limit
DBS/POSB $3,000 Up to $100,000
OCBC/Plus! $5,000 Up to $100,000
Standard Chartered $20,000 Up to $100,000
UOB $10,000 Up to $100,000

If the current COE has expired (but is within one month of its expiration date), a late payment fee will be added to the PQP. Drivers can still pay through cheque, cashier's order, or online methods.

Vehicle type Late renewal fee
Motorcycle $50
Private Motor Car (1,000cc and below) $50
Private Motor Car (1,001cc to 1,600cc) $100
Private Motor Car (1,601cc to 2,000cc) $150
Private Motor Car (2,001cc to 3,000cc) $200
Private Motor Car (Above 3,000cc) $250
Business Service Passenger Vehicle (Company Car) $250
Goods Vehicle and Public Service Vehicle $250
Others $250

You can visit LTA's website for an enquiry of applicable PQP rates according to different COE categories. The search engine shows updated PQP rates for the past three to six months and a function for drivers to manually search for a specific date.

*This article was updated by Shannon Kang on 13th August 2021

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